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How To Make A White Sauce


How To Make A White Sauce
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White sauces are the basis for many recipes. Just a few simple steps need to be followed carefully for a perfect result every time
Difficulty: Easy
Time Required: 20 minutes

Here's How:

  1. Melt 2 tablespoons butter in a heavy saucepan over medium low heat.
  2. Stir in 2 tablespoons flour. Using a wire whisk, stir the butter-flour mixture until it bubbles. This is called a roux.
  3. Cook and stir the roux for 1-2 minutes. This gets rid of the raw flour taste and allows the starch granules in the flour to accept the liquid. Remove from heat.
  4. Heat 2 cups of milk in a separate pan.
  5. Slowly add the milk to the roux, stirring vigorously with that wire whisk.
  6. Return saucepan to heat. Cook and stir over medium heat until the sauce thickens. This process begins at the bottom of the pot, so be sure to stir constantly, using a wire whisk.
  7. When the sauce is thickened and just begins to boil, remove from heat. You've made a white sauce! Season it to taste with salt and white pepper.
  8. Click on the link below to find a recipe for a basic white sauce and a few delicious variations.


  1. Heating the liquid ensures lumps won't form as easily in the sauce.
  2. Make sure you cook the flour-butter mixture for 1-2 minutes so the sauce will thicken.
  3. Using a wire whisk really is essential. It incorporates the liquid into the roux very well, preventing lumps from forming.

What You Need

  • heavy saucepan
  • butter
  • flour
  • liquid
  • wire whisk

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